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History
 

POROS 1821 ...

... Poros played a vital role in the Revolution of 1821, the time period when many monuments were preserved.

In August of 1818, Anagnostaras and Elias Chrysopathis came to Poros and Hydra as emissaries of the Filiki Etairia (Society of Friends).

This was where Nikiforos Pampoukis, a monk and teacher, was initiated. Afterwards, the merchants and captains of ships followed in the initiation as opposed to the elders who were cautious about it. Nikolaos Pampoukis was referred to as a catechist in the Filiki Etairia of Hadjianastasi Manesis and Kyriako Douzinas. The number of residents of Poros that were initiated in the Filiki Etairia was remarkable.

On the eve of the riots, all three islands (Poros, Spetses and Hydra) had men who were not only skilled warriors but also had a strong bond amongst themselves.

This helped in manning the warships with men from all three islands, especially from Poros. One thing that must be taken into consideration is the fact that a large number of ships from Hydra and Spetses had a wintry anchorage in Poros because their ports were small.

Notable skippers along with common people, either as officers, commanders-in-chief, sailors or soldiers were found at the fortress from the first moment. Their mission on land begins with the declaration of the War and from April of 1821, they vigorously participate in the Greek Revolution.

Thus, the revolutionary flag of Poros is raised and the residents armed with rifles in their hands begin, enthusiastically, to carry out the dream of many generations. By then, Poros had already been an informal dockyard of the rebellious nation.

Besides the vessels and the manned fleet (officers, commanders or boatmen), extra technicians and necessary materials were offered for the war.

Most people from Poros, depending on their capabilities, provided weapons for the soldiers and campaigned in the siege of Corinth and Akrocorinth in April and May of 1821 accompanied by the residents of Aegina and Dervenohoria and continued throughout the war.

The skippers offered their ships (Manesis, Kapasakis, Nitis, Vesis, Kofinas, Karamanis and others), the merchants offered their money and everyone participated in the financial enhancement of the Supreme Administration handing over 3,600 gros (Medieval coinage) from charity work done throughout the Aegean islands, as stated in a document dated August 22nd 1823 by the elders of the town. The donation of 262,686 grosses offered by the people of Poros up until the 23rd of December 1823  was revealed in another document. Therefore, without any hesitation or ulterior motives, they serve their country intending to be freed from the Turkish rule.

It is well known that during the Greek Revolution of 1821, Hydra played a major role in the nation’s naval battle.

The supplies necessary for the Marines were kept there but in February of 1827, they were transferred to Poros because the residents of Hydra persistently tried to seize them. Consequently, a basic naval station was set up. Weapons, guns, bullets, ropes, sails, anchors and pulleys were placed there, whereas health and pharmaceutical supplies came directly from Marseilles.

There, the Maritime Committee in February of 1827 rented warehouses and chartered a fishing boat to transport the provisions from Hydra because the Turkish fleet had set sail and was expected to attack Hydra and Spetses.

Their main concern was Hydra being looted. So, from then on, Poros becomes an informal yet essential naval station for the free Hellenic nation. The Relief Committee will also be established there (Heideck, Baily and a Greek banker named Ksenos who was Goss’ assistant).

Poros built central warehouses where supplies from foreign philhellenic committees were arriving, mostly American, to be distributed to famished civilians and Greeks who were suffering. The first shipment arrives from America to Poros on May 19th , 1827 and is unloaded after Miaoulis and Kanaris accepted it. More than eight supply shipments came from America after that.

The allied fleet started from Paros in the victorious battle of Navarino in 1827.

In June of 1827, J. Miller (the first American philhellene) came to Poros accompanied by his compatriot, Henry Post as representatives of the New York Philhellenic Committee. Their mission was to distribute relief supplies.

At that time, Poros was accommodating dozens of refugees. On November 25th in 1827, the first Naval Hospital was inaugurated by the Bishop of Damalas, Jonah from Trizinia which was constructed by American compatriots S. Howe, Russ and J. Miller.

Poros was not only considered the safest harbor but the most secure and peaceful place. The committee of the 3rd National Assembly held its meeting in Nafplio on August 2nd 1826. Even though publication #122 was unacceptable, it states that Poros is considered the ideal place to hold meetings because it was safe and free from massive crowds, which therefore made it easier for the committee to carry out its work faster

The anti-governmental committee became well known by the Assembly of Trizina in April 1827. It classified Poros as its headquarters on April 15th 1827, where it remained until June 16th, 1827 and temporarily had power until the arrival of I. Kapodistrias in Greece. A conference of ambassadors of the Three Defending Powers was held here that autumn as well.

In October 1828, the meeting of the three Powers took place in Poros, so as to define the borders of the newly established Greek state.

In 1830, the first military naval dockyard of independent Greece was built at the port of Poros

Specially important historical events were occuring in Poros in 1831 during the strong civil conflict between I. Kapodistrias and the residents of Hydra, which resulted in blowing up a part of the Greek fleet that was anchored in the bay of Poros.






































 
 
 
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